The urinary tract system, which includes the bladder, kidneys and the tubes that connect them, makes the urine and carries it out of the body. The bacteria that cause urinary infections live in the large intestine and are found in stool. When these bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra – the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body – an infection results.

Most urinary tract infections are infections of the bladder. While a bladder infection usually is painful, it will become serious if it is treated right away. Left untreated, a bladder infection can spread to the kidneys, which creates a more serious problem that can cause permanent damage. Read on to learn more.

1. Urinary tract infections occur in:

A. Adults

B. Teens and young children

C. Babies

D. All of the above

2. Which of the following are symptoms of a UTI?

A. Pain or burning during urination

B. Back pain under the ribs

C. Pressure or cramping in the lower abdomen (usually middle) 

D. Frequent urination

E. Tender or heavy-feeling stomach

F. All of the above

3. Urinary infections are painful, but relief can start by doing which of the following:

A. Drinking lots of water

B. Applying a hot water bottle to the painful area

C. Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever

D. Taking an antibiotic

E. All of the above

4. Women tend to get more bladder infections than men.

A. True

B. False

5. Which of the following increases the chances of developing a painful urinary infection?

A. Diabetes

B. Pregnancy

C. Not drinking enough fluids

D. An enlarged prostate

E. All of the above

6. While any UTI is significant, call your doctor immediately if you suspect a UTI and which of the following is true:

A. You are older than 65

B. You are pregnant.

C. You have diabetes, kidney problems or a weak immune system

D. All of the above

________________________________________________________________________________________________

ANSWERS

1. (D) All of the above.

2. (F) All of the above. Other symptoms may include fever and chills, nausea and vomiting. Pain on one side of the back under the ribs is common, as this is where the kidneys are located.

3. (F) All of the above. A physician will prescribe antibiotics, but to relieve acute pain until the infection heals, over-the-counter pain relievers can be taken. Drinking water helps flush germs out of the bladder.

4. True. This is probably because women have shorter urethra, closer to the anus, making it easier for germs to move up to their bladders. Sex can also increase the likelihood of a UTI, as it increases the chances of bacteria entering the urethra.

5. (E) All of the above. The risk of a bladder infection is higher if there is any problem that blocks the flow of urine from the bladder, such as kidney

stones, an enlarged prostate gland or the weight of a fetus. Diabetes increases the amount of bacteria in the bladder, which increases the chances of UTIs.

6. (D) All of the above.